Skip to content

Deployment on K3s with Ansible

The folder deploy/ansible contains all the necessary files to deploy a K3s cluster together with the OSCAR platform using Ansible. This way, a minified Kubernetes distribution can be used to configure OSCAR on IoT devices located at the Edge, such as Raspberry PIs. Note that this playbook can also be applied to quickly spread the OSCAR platform on top of any machine or already started cloud instance since the playbook is compatible with GNU/Linux on ARM64 and AMD64 architectures.


In order to use the playbook, you must install the following components:


Clone the folder

First of all, you must clone the OSCAR repo:

git clone

And place into the ansible directory:

cd oscar/deploy/ansible

SSH configuration

As Ansible is an agentless automation tool, you must configure the ~/.ssh/config file for granting access to the hosts to be configured via the SSH protocol. This playbook will use the Host field from SSH configuration to set the hostnames of the nodes, so please take care of naming them properly.

Below you can find an example of a configuration file for four nodes, being the front the only one with a public IP, so it will be used as a proxy for the SSH connection to the working nodes (ProxyJump option) via its internal network.

Host front
  HostName <PUBLIC_IP>
  User ubuntu
  IdentityFile ~/.ssh/my_private_key

Host wn1
  HostName <PRIVATE_IP>
  User ubuntu
  IdentityFile ~/.ssh/my_private_key
  ProxyJump front

Host wn2
  HostName <PRIVATE_IP>
  User ubuntu
  IdentityFile ~/.ssh/my_private_key
  ProxyJump front

Host wn3
  HostName <PRIVATE_IP>
  User ubuntu
  IdentityFile ~/.ssh/my_private_key
  ProxyJump front

Configuration of the inventory file

Now, you have to edit the hosts file and add the hosts to be configured. Note that only one node must be set in the [front] section, while one or more nodes can be configured as working nodes of the cluster in the [wn] section. For example, for the previous SSH configuration the hosts inventory file should look like this:

; Put here the frontend node as defined in .ssh/config (Host)

; Put here the working nodes (one per line) as defined in the .ssh/config (Host)

Setting up the playbook variables

You also need to set up some parameters for the configuration of the cluster and OSCAR components, like OSCAR and MinIO credentials and DNS endpoints to configure the Kubernetes Ingress and cert-manager to securely expose the services. To do it, please edit the vars.yaml file and update the variables:

# K3s version to be installed
kube_version: v1.22.3+k3s1
# Token to login in K3s and the Kubernetes Dashboard
kube_admin_token: kube-token123
# Password for OSCAR
oscar_password: oscar123
# DNS name for the OSCAR Ingress and Kubernetes Dashboard (path "/dashboard/")
# Password for MinIO
minio_password: minio123
# DNS name for the MinIO API Ingress
# DNS name for the MinIO Console Ingress

Installation of the required ansible roles

To install the required roles you only have to run:

ansible-galaxy install -r install_roles.yaml --force

The --force argument ensures you have the latest version of the roles.

Running the playbook

Finally, with the following command the ansible playbook will be executed, configuring the nodes set in the hosts inventory file:

ansible-playbook -i hosts oscar-k3s.yaml